A couple of weeks back, I’d written a post here on a little-known but lovely little medieval tomb in Delhi: that of Atgah Khan, foster-father of Akbar. This tomb—Chaunsath Khamba (literally, ‘sixty-four pillars’)—is not just in close proximity to Atgah Khan’s Tomb, but also has a connection to Atgah Khan’s Tomb: Chaunsath Khamba is the tomb of Mirza Aziz Kokaltash, the son of Atgah Khan. (Incidentally, also the man who built Atgah Khan’s Tomb).
Most of the medieval tombs—both pre-Mughal as well as Mughal—that you see in Delhi look fairly similar: nearly all of them are four-sided (a few, like that of Isa Khan, are octagonal), and almost all are domed, even if in some cases—like the tomb of Iltutmish—the dome has collapsed over the years. In contrast, Chaunsath Khamba looks more like a pavilion than a tomb. It’s made entirely of white marble, and is a square hall, its flat ceiling held up by the eponymous sixty-four pillars.
The outer walls of this large hall consist of panels of carved marble screens (‘jaalis’), which end a little below the arches formed by the pillars. The result is substantially more daylight than you’ll see in most tombs.
Chaunsath Khamba was constructed by Mirza Aziz Kokaltash himself in about 1623-4 CE. Along with his cenotaph (which, like that of his wife—also buried here—is intricately carved from white marble), Chaunsath Khamba also houses the cenotaphs of various other people; these cenotaphs bear no inscriptions regarding the identities of those buried under. It is, however believed that these are the graves of members of Mirza Aziz Kokaltash’s family.
Chaunsath Khamba has long been a popular subject for depictions in paintings: the British artists, Thomas and William Daniell (who were uncle and nephew) painted it in 1801, although they incorrectly labelled it as the tomb of Amir Khusrau.
In 1820, the Resident of Delhi, Sir Thomas Metcalfe, included a water colour of Chaunsath Khamba in ‘Reminiscences of Imperial Delhi’, an album of 80-odd paintings that he commissioned.
Recently, the Aga Khan Trust has done extensive conservation work on the Chaunsath Khamba building, including taking down, cleaning, repairing and replacing the carved marble panels at the tomb.