Nishaan (1965)

When I watched the 1949 Nishaan last week on Youtube, the topmost recommendation in the side panel was what was billed as another copy of the same film. Just for the heck of it, I clicked on the link, and arrived at a completely different film: Nishaan, yes; but a Nishaan made 16 years after the 1949 one, and a Nishaan too which is important for one major reason: it marks Sanjeev Kumar’s debut in a lead role (and that too a double role).

Sanjeev Kumar had already played small parts in two films—Hum Hindustani and Aao Pyaar Karein, but this film, with ‘Introducing Sanjeev Kumar’, was his first big role(s). He didn’t soar to success immediately, and most of his films over the next couple of years were fairly forgettable (as Nishaan is, to some extent). But despite the general unimpressiveness of this film, what stands out is the very natural acting of its leading man.

The film begins in a way very similar to that of the 1949 Nishaan: with the birth of two princes, identical twins. The Maharaja of Ajitgarh, however, brings out only one of his babies to be presented to the public and proclaimed the heir. When the baby (named Kiran) has been taken indoors by a maid, the Maharaja summons his faithful servant Sangram Singh (Sheikh Mukhtar) and discloses a fact which even the exhausted Maharani is unaware of: the presence of Kiran’s twin.

A surprised Sangram Singh is even more taken aback at the Maharaja’s next order: that Sangram Singh take the baby and bring him up as his own. For this purpose, the Maharaja is appointing Sangram Singh the jagirdar of the jagir of Devpur.

The Maharaja’s motive is soon revealed; he has seen the bloody wars that break out between siblings over thrones and succession, and he doesn’t want that to be the fate of his children. Let Kiran rule on as Maharaja when it is his turn to ascend the throne; let his brother remain in safe obscurity.

Sangram Singh has no choice but to obey. He takes the baby away (the Maharaja, as they’re leaving, names the baby Badal, because just then, thunder booms from the lowering clouds above).This also prompts the Maharaja to give Sangram Singh one parting platitude: Don’t let the badal (‘cloud’) overshadow the kiran (‘ray of light’). Let them remain forever apart.

Maybe so, but Sangram Singh goes to his new jagir in Devpur and immediately brands little Badal with the symbol of the ruling dynasty of Ajitgarh. Someday it may come in use. [You can bet things will work out so that it does].

Meanwhile, the Maharaja’s brother, Man Singh (Hira Lal) has come griping and complaining to the Maharaja [with good reason: Devpur was his jagir, and now it’s been rudely snatched away]. Years pass with him still griping, and the Maharaja dies. On his deathbed, he summons Man Singh and appoints him regent until Kiran (now about ten years old) can become Maharaja.

After the Maharaja’s death, Man Singh immediately gets down to reclaiming his lost estate. Sangram Singh, Badal (who firmly believes that Sangram Singh is his father), and their band of servitors, are ousted from Devpur and take to a nomadic life. Sangram Singh soon becomes renowned as ‘Daaku Sangram Singh’, but the reality is that he is more a Robin Hood than a Raaka.

… and it is as a Robin Hood-like do-gooder that Badal (now grown up to be Sanjeev Kumar) happens to meet Princess Padma (Nazima), who is going with her mother (Sulochana) and a maid (Shammi) to Ajitgarh to be married to Kiran. Padma, good girl that she is, has never seen Kiran, and neither have any of the people she’s travelling with, in her carriage with its outlying riders.

What none of Padma’s entourage know is that Kiran (also Sanjeev Kumar), her betrothed, is a drunk who is completely besotted by a beauty named Ratna (Helen).

Ratna discovers that Kiran is supposed to marry Padma, who will arrive in time for Kiran’s coronation, which will also be the occasion for the Kiran-Padma wedding. This of course is unacceptable to Ratna, so she pays a goon, Vikram (Prem Chopra) to deflect Padma and stop her coming to Ajitgarh.

Vikram carries out his mission along with a bunch of his henchmen; they attack Padma’s entourage and he delivers a warning to Padma: Go back home, and don’t come to Ajitgarh again. Which, to me, seems pretty chivalrous—in most other films, this man would’ve leered at the pretty princess and carried her off.

Anyway, in response to Padma & Co.’s panicked screaming, arrive Badal and his man Friday, Machhinder  Nath ‘Maachhi’ (Mukri). They beat off the goons, rescue princess and party, and are thanked most warmly. Padma and her mother also insist that Badal accompany them to the Rajmahal at Ajitgarh: after all, what if they should be attacked again? Badal tries to fob them off, but they won’t take no for an answer.

… with the result that an all-unaware Badal arrives at the Rajmahal in Ajitgarh, and is mistaken (understandably) by all and sundry, including the Maharani (Ratnamala) and Man Singh, for Kiran. They scold him playfully for having hidden his identity from Padma, and the poor man isn’t allowed to get a word in edgeways, to say he’s not Kiran at all.


Things move quickly; Badal, now believed by all (except poor Maachhi, who hasn’t been allowed in to the palace gates) to be Kiran, is admired by all. For his bravery in defending Padma; for being good and upright. For refusing liquor (which, everybody knows, Kiran is so fond of). The Maharani is very relieved that her son seems to have turned over a new leaf.

And Padma herself is delighted [and possibly relieved too]: the man she’s been so attracted to, also turns out to be the man she’s supposed to marry! Oh, good.

In the meantime, Badal, entering Kiran’s bedchamber, finds its rightful occupant there, asleep in a drunken stupor. Badal now realizes why everybody has been mistaking him for this man.

As it happens, Kiran soon wakes up, and meets his double. Badal explains that he’s Sangram Singh’s son, and Kiran, while befuddled and bemused at the way God has given two unrelated men the same face, ends up taking this in his stride.

Soon enough, Kiran’s lover, Ratna, arrives, and Kiran is able to get Badal hidden behind an ornate throne before she can spot him. From the conversation between the two lovers, Badal figures out that Kiran, far from being a good husband to Padma, is likely to be an adulterer—if he marries the princess, that is. Kiran is pretty much saying that to a miffed Ratna, who’s accusing him of sucking up to another woman.

Ratna soon goes off to a shikargah (hunting lodge), using a hidden doorway to a tunnel. Kiran, instructing Badal to pretend to be him—Kiran—also goes off in her wake. Indefinitely.

And Badal, left impersonating Kiran, sets about romancing Padma, granting a royal pardon to Sangram Singh (to whom he returns the jagir of Ajitgarh, too), and basically being the hero.

But how long will this last? Man Singh, after all, is not one to quietly hand over the kingdom to another. He’s been regent long enough to love the power the position commands, and he doesn’t relish the idea of giving that up. Not to a pretender, and not to a drunk.

Plus, there are the problems that crop up between Kiran and Badal themselves. After all, they are twins, and therefore with an equal right to the throne. And yet, they’re like chalk and cheese—they couldn’t be more different.  Who will get to be king?

I began watching Nishaan with no idea of what it was all about. Five minutes into the film, and I began to think it was a remake of the 1949 Nishaan.  But it isn’t, even though both films are about twin brothers, both heirs to a throne, and neither very kindly disposed towards the other. There is also the common enemy and the pretty lady, but in this case, there are other complications. Many other complications.

What I liked about this film:

Sanjeev Kumar. For someone debuting in a leading role, he is really pretty good as an actor. The fact that he’s in a double role, as two very different men—one louche and drunk most of the time, nasty and selfish the rest; the other brave, good, but also hot-headed and more ‘hero’-like—helps showcase his acting skills even more.

Haaye tabassum tera. Usha Khanna composed the music for Nishaan, and this song stands out as the finest. Aapki adaaon pe fida is good too, but for me its merit is reduced significantly by the fact that it’s a fairly blatant copy of Baby elephant walk.

What I didn’t like:

The too many complications in the plot. The first hour or so of Nishaana is fairly straightforward, but beyond that it starts to get too convoluted to be able to keep up with developments. There is a forced comic side plot involving Shammi’s character and her two ardent suitors; and too little time is spent in developing the characters of Badal and Kiran. Kiran comes across as too black and Badal as too white, but that’s about it.

Then, there are the sudden changes in people’s outlook. For example, there’s a scene in which Badal breaks down and tells Sangram Singh that he’s got sick of constantly looking out for Kiran. Why should he always be the one to put himself at risk, why should he be the one to sacrifice his love for Padma, why should he be warding off the dangers that threaten that no-good Kiran? A fine bit of a dialogue, and a believable emotion, which makes Badal seem more three-dimensional: but the problem is that it’s standalone. There’s no real build-up of that emotion (though one can see, if one’s been following Badal’s story till now, that he has a point). It’s not as if he’s shown any signs, previously, of resenting what he’s having to do. This comes as a bolt out of the blue, and so sticks out like a sore thumb. Later in the film there’s another sudden change in attitude which beggars belief.

Not a great film, but if you like Sanjeev Kumar, this one’s worth a watch just for him. And he looks so good, too!

(Note: This copy of Nishaan, on Youtube, was the one I watched, and I’m pretty sure it has some of the reels mixed up—unless the editor was really bad. If you can, try looking for another copy).


22 thoughts on “Nishaan (1965)

  1. Dusted Off pretty much sums it up.
    A stray point or two though. As a great fan of Nazima the original ‘bubbly’ actress in her Behan avatar, one loved seeing her as a heroine. Given the role she was more than adequate.
    Usha Khanna was always inspired. Her greatest hits-the ones from Dil Deke Dekho – were inspired too.


    • I agree with you that given her role, Nazima was more than adequate (which is one reason I wish she’d got a larger role). Yes, of course several of the biggest hits of Usha Khanna were inspired in Dil Deke Dekho. When I mentioned that, several people commented that perhaps Nasir Husain put pressure on her to use (reuse?) some popular tunes, and she was too young and too easily cowed to be able to refuse to do so.


  2. I havent seen this movie, but it sounds a lot like the Tamil movie movie Uttama Puthiran (Sivaji Ganesan). Is there an iron mask involved at some point?


    • Yes, yes! There’s an iron mask involved. I remember, several years back, Richard (who blogs at Dances on the Footpath) had a still – ironmask-wearer – as his gravatar, and when I asked him where it was from, he told me it was from Uttama Puthiran. I was very keen then to watch the film, but even Richard didn’t know where I could get a subtitled copy. Now, knowing that it’s similar to this, that desire to watch it has arisen again.


  3. Sanjeev Kumar can always be a good reason to watch. Just tell me if it is a good time-pass for a really boring holiday. If so then all glitches all forgotten.


  4. I had seen it long back in the year it was released and had found it quite tolerable!
    The film has a solo sung by Usha Khamma herself ‘ ai jaane wafa maine dil rakh diya tere kadmo me ‘ which is quite likeable. It’s one of the handful of solo songs that she has sung.


    • You have answered a question I was asking myself when I watched this film. I was certain that the woman singing that song wasn’t Asha Bhonsle, but the playback singers as listed in the credits are only named by their first names. So I was confused about ‘Usha’ – whether that was Usha Khanna herself (seemed likely, since she composed the music too) or Usha Mangeshkar. Thank you for clearing that up.


  5. Reels are definitely mixed up – nostalgic though – was remembering the army open air cinema with the projector in the 1-ton and reels getting mixed up on a regular basis!


    • I thought so! Thank goodness I’m not the only one. :-)

      My father-in-law was in the Airforce, so my husband fondly remembers those open-air theatres too. He also remembers that at their camp near Chandigarh, a lot of local villagers used to be allowed to come and watch the shows. They would sprawl on the ground in front, and would be very involved in the movie – shouting, clapping, singing, urging on the hero to beat up the villains, and so on.


      • “They would sprawl on the ground in front, and would be very involved in the movie – shouting, clapping, singing, urging on the hero to beat up the villains, and so on.”-
        We rarely go to the theatres to watch a new movie these days. And this involvement and sharing the enjoyment with a lot of people is something which is missing in solo watching. I remember when we watched movies like Chamatkar or China Gate (whose the first hour or so was full of jokes) the whole theatre was alive with laughter. That used to be fun.


        • I suppose that is also something that’s more rarely encountered in bigger cities. Yes, I have heard occasional bursts of laughter or even a few people clapping when the hero came out on top, but instances of that are few and far between. Though I too must admit that I don’t see too many movies in theatres now.


  6. I am late but I did want to echo your sentiments on the movie. The main attraction for me was Haye Tabassum Tera. May be one of the finest Usha Khanna-Rafi songs indeed.

    Sanjeey Kumar also did his fantastic non-acting acting.. You know what I mean. Typically natural acting (an oxymoron) was left for character actors but I think Sanjeev Kumar changed that. It was very clear in his mind what he was supposed to portray from this very first movie of his. A very rare breed of “heroes” of Bollywood who could hold his own against even the biggest Bollywood names.


    • I absolutely know what you mean by ‘non-acting acting’, and I agree completely. Sanjeev Kumar was one of those very rare actors who excelled in making you believe he wasn’t really acting; that this was who he was. No matter what role he played, whether romantic or comic or dramatic or tragic… he always nailed the part.


  7. Did Sadhana make a guest appearance in the song, hai tabassum tera? Guess the female version of the song was never picturized, though it is as good as the male version. Sadly, Sanjeev Kumar got his success very late in life and that was short-lived.


  8. No, Sadhana has no guest appearance in Haai tabassum tera – it’s a romantic song, with only Sanjeev Kumar and Nazima singing as they go through a garden. Just two lovers, no kabab mein haddi (though Sadhana would’ve been a very pretty one!).


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